Before developing a top-notch web application, what is the most important factor you have to keep in mind? Obviously, it’s the technology stack on which your app depends. Selecting the best technology is quite difficult for small scale industries or startups as they are usually low on budget. So selecting a technology stack that can kick-start or boost up their business is particularly challenging.
Choosing the right technology stack for your business will be profitable for you whereas the wrong tech stack can bring down your business with loss. So we have decided to help you in selecting the best technology stack for web application development. One important factor to point out is that some tools are free of cost, while some others are paid. If you want to develop a high user engagement web application, then you must go with the paid tools. This will cost you a little more but will surely help you to develop an interactive application.
What is Technology Stack?
The technology stack is the most important part of developing web or mobile applications. Basically, it is referred to as the combination of programming languages and software for application development. It is important to select the right technology tool for your project in the early stages of development. Suppose for developing a building you don’t directly start with the marble. At first, you start with girders to hang everything on it. Similarly, for an app, the tech stack works as a skeleton on which the whole app depends. You should consider hiring a cloud architect to help you in selecting the right technology stack.
There are two main parts of every tech stack; front-end and back-end. They are also known by other names, client-side or server-side respectively.
Front-end or Client Side
The front-end is everything that the user sees. It enables the interaction of the user with the application. The interaction usually occurs in the web browser and it is possible due to the following components.
CSS(Cascading Style Sheets) is used for styling the content of the application.
HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) is used to design the structure of the information present on the web browser.
Most of the web applications are developed using the Bootstrap framework for HTML and CSS. Bootstrap is preferred as the most extensive library with a great user base and community for web application development. Being a popular framework in the market, there is also an alternative to this in the market. Foundation is considered as the second most used framework after Bootstrap for web application development.
Although these two tools still rule the market of front end development, there is another tool in the market that developers consider more as an alternative. Vue.js is giving tough competition to these two frameworks as it is more lightweight and versatile.
Back-end or Server-Side
The back-end is that part of the application which is not visible to the user. Back-end works behind the screen and being a part of the development stack they contain more components. It is responsible for developing the engine which is responsible for driving the application and implementing its logic. Basically, every back-end tech stack contains the following parts.
|Operating System||For Development|
|Web Server||Processing Web Browser Requests|
|Database||Storing App Data|
|Programming Language||For Creating App Code|
|Web Development Framework||For Faster And Easier Development|
While choosing the right back-end technology, it is not necessary to choose each component separately. There are various back-end stacks where components worked to form an excellent development environment. Some examples of most of the famous technology stacks used by developers are discussed below.
stands for Linux (operating system), Apache (webserver), MySQL (database), PHP (programming language) and is considered as the most popular back-end stack. It is appreciated and used by most of the developers due to its scalability, security, and high customization features. Since most developers choose Linux as an operating system, LAMP can be used both Windows and Mac OS without reducing the development quality.
is based on Python programming language. It uses the MySQL database, Apache web server, and the Django framework, which is written in python language. Developers prefer this framework for fast and agile development by keeping a high-quality level. Most of the projects use Python-Django for MVP development.
contains MongoDB, Express, React/Redux, and Node.js. Since both ReactJS and NodeJS are popular for front-end and back-end development respectively, this combination logically preferred as most used JS stack for developing single-page applications. Apart from the feature “single programming language for all platforms” is also offers agile development and high productivity.
There is another important factor also called serverless computing or function-as-a-service platform. Although there is no framework or programming language included, it used only used for maintaining all operational activities databases, servers, and the environment of the project. So for a fully-featured tech stack, developers only need to select the best framework for back-end and front-end development. As already discussed, web frameworks are similar to development language, here is a list of some most popular frameworks in the developer’s community.
|Ruby||Ruby on Rails|
How to Choose the Correct Web Technology?
With the availability of multiple various web development tools in the market, it is difficult to select the best one for your project. Choosing a correct technology is like a “project within the project” and it requires some efforts. This choice will determine how your app will be developed, deployed, executed, and maintained. While choosing the technology stack, there are various filters and options you must analyze according to your project.
You must provide scalability to your project during development if you want to grow your business to achieve new heights. There are two options available for scaling.
- Scale out, or horizontally – helps in handling an increased amount of requests
- Scale in, or vertically – allows the addition of extra software for handling new tasks.
You must carefully figure out before choosing the tool for your technology stack as different tools have different scalability potentials. For example, if you compare MEAN with MERN, the components of the MEAN stack have superb scalability possibilities. So you can go with the MEAN stack if scalability is the major concern of your app.
Type & Size of Project
Size and type are also important factors you must analyze while selecting the right technology stack for your app. Basically, the size of a project is defined by three types.
Small Scale Projects like MVP can be developed using Python-Django or Node/React.js tech stack. Furthermore, if your MVP is a landing page, you can create it using a simple ready-made solution, like WordPress.
Online Stores or business applications are examples of Mid-Size projects that require a more complicated tech stack with various layers and multiple languages. You can use MEAN, MERN or LAMP stack to develop such types of applications.
Extensive projects like global marketplaces or social media networks require much higher scalability, speed, and maintainability. The development of these types of projects usually requires a complicated solution of languages, tools, and technologies. These solutions ensure effective performance and customer satisfaction.
Cost of Development
Most of the web app development tools are open source and available for free of cost. Their open licenses allow developers to easily use and modify, and this creates greater possibilities for maintenance and development. There is another factor also which affects the cost of development according to the required tech stack. The availability and the salary of the developer are also responsible for the cost of development. The salary of the developer depends on the experience and technology on which they are working.
Salary and Experience According to Language
Some Successful Technology Stack
Even as each task is precise and has exclusive requirements, reading the technology used within the creation of successful initiatives may additionally assist to better understand the blessings of every tool that turned into selected. Let’s have a look at the stacks which can be in the middle of some popular internet programs which have proved their performance.
The era stack to your assignment has to derive from the specifics of your task. We will let you with that in case you share with us your net app concept and your expectancies from it. Inform us what you need to reap, and our tech specialists will gladly recommend the great tools to make it actual.